Photo of Reuben Kraft

Reuben Kraft

Assistant Professor

Affiliation(s):

  • Mechanical and Nuclear Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Biomedical Engineering

320 Leonhard Building

rhk12@psu.edu

814-867-4570

Personal or Departmental Website

Research Areas:

Biomechanics and Bioengineering, Mechanical Sciences

Interest Areas:

Computational solid mechanics, finite element analysis, numerical modeling, blast physics, high performance computing

 
 

 

Education

  • BS, Mechanical Engineering, University of Maryland, Baltimore County (UMBC), 2003
  • MS, Mechanical Engineering, The Johns Hopkins University, 2006
  • Ph D, Mechanical Engineering, The Johns Hopkins University, 2008
  • Post-Doctoral, Mechanics, U.S. Army Research Laboratory, 2009

Publications

Book, Chapters

  • Reuben H Kraft, R A Fielding, Kevin Lister, Allen Shirley, Tim Marler, Andrew C. Merkle, Andrzej J. Przekwas, X G Tan and Xianlian Zhou, 2016, Modeling skeletal injuries in military scenarios, Springer Berlin Heidelberg
  • J D Clayton and Reuben H Kraft, 2011, Mesoscale modeling of dynamic failure of ceramic polycrystals, John Wiley & Sons

Journal Articles

  • Mijail D. Serruya, James P. Harris, Dayo O. Adewole, Laura A. Struzyna, Justin C. Burrell, Ashley Nemes, Dmitriy Petrov, Reuben H Kraft, H. Isaac Chen, John A. Wolf and D. Kacy Cullen, 2017, "Engineered Axonal Tracts as “Living Electrodes” for Synaptic-Based Modulation of Neural Circuitry", Advanced Functional Materials, pp. 1701183–n/a
  • Harsha T Garimella and Reuben H Kraft, 2017, "A new computational approach for modeling diffusion tractography in the brain", Journal of Neural Regeneration Research, 12, (1)
  • H T Garimella and R H Kraft, 2016, "Modeling the mechanics of axonal fiber tracts using the embedded finite element method", International Journal for Numerical Methods in Biomedical Engineering, (e02823), pp. 1–21
  • R A Fielding, A J Przekwas, X G Tan and R H Kraft, 2015, "Development of a lower extremity model for high strain rate impact loading", International Journal of Experimental and Computational Biomechanics, 3, (2), pp. 161-186
  • C X Lee, J T Richtsmeier and R H Kraft, 2015, "A Computational Analysis of Bone Formation in the Cranial Vault in the Mouse", Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology, 3, (24)
  • Jeffrey J. Swab, Jason Tice, Andrew A. Wereszczak and Reuben H Kraft, 2014, "Fracture toughness of advanced structural ceramics: Applying ASTM C1421", Journal of the American Ceramic Society, pp. pp. 1-9
  • J D Clayton, Reuben H Kraft and R B Leavy, 2012, "Mesoscale modeling of nonlinear elasticity and fracture in ceramic polycrystals under dynamic shear and compression", Journal of Solids and Structures, 49, (18), pp. 6
  • Reuben H Kraft, P J Mckee, A M Dagro and S T Grafton, 2012, "Combining the finite element method with structural connectome-based analysis for modeling neurotrauma: Connectome neurotrauma mechanics", PLoS Computational Biology, 8, (8), pp. e1002619
  • Reuben H Kraft and J F Molinari, 2008, "A statistical investigation of the effects of grain boundary properties on transgranular fracture", Acta Materialia, 56, (17), pp. 10
  • Reuben H Kraft, J F Molinari, K T Ramesh and D W Warner, 2008, "Computational micromechanics of dynamic compressive loading of a brittle polycrystalline material using a distribution of grain boundary properties", The Journal of Mechanics and Physics of Solids, 56, pp. 23

Conference Proceedings

  • Allison N Ranslow and Reuben H Kraft, 2016, "The development of a “fuzzy” yield envelope for trabecular porcine skull bone using numerical simulations", Proceedings of the 2016 Summer Biomechanics, Bioengineering and Biotransport Conference (SB3C2016)
  • Chanyoung Lee and Reuben H Kraft, 2016, "A coupled reaction-diffusion-strain model for bone growth in the cranial vault", Proceedings of the 2016 Summer Biomechanics, Bioengineering and Biotransport Conference (SB3C2016)
  • S Motiwale, W Eppler, D Hollingsworth, C Hollingsworth, J Morgenthau and Reuben H Kraft, 2016, "Application of Neural Networks for Filtering Non-Impact Transients Recorded from Biomechanical Sensors", IEEE, pp. 204 - 207
  • Andy Ho Wing Chan, Anjali Dhobale, Oladayo Adewole, Toma Marinov, Reuben H Kraft, D Kacy Cullen and Mijail Serruya, 2016, "Analysis of spontaneous calcium signals to infer functional connectivity within a novel “living electrode” neural construct", IEEE, pp. 1–2
  • Sai N Reddy, R A Fielding, Michael J Robinson and Reuben H Kraft, 2015, "A computational study of fracture in the calcaneus under variable impact conditions", American Society of Mechanical Engineers Congress and Explosion, Volume 3: Biomedical and Biotechnology Engineering, pp. pp. V003T03A058; 10 pages
  • H T Garimella, H Yaun, B D Johnson, Semyon Slobounov and Reuben H Kraft, 2015, "Anisotropic constitutive model of human brain with intravoxel heterogeneity of fiber orientation using diffusion spectrum imaging (DSI)", Proceedings of the 2014 American Society of Mechanical Engineers Congress and Exposition, Volume 3: Biomedical and Biotechnology Engineering, pp. pp. V003T03A011; 9 pages
  • Rebecca A Fielding, X G Tan, A J Przekwas, C D Kozuch and Reuben H Kraft, 2015, "High rate impact to the human calcaneus: A micromechanical analysis", American Society of Mechanical Engineers Congress and Explosion, Volume 3: Biomedical and Biotechnology Engineering, pp. V003T03A009, (8 pages)
  • Chanyoung Lee, Joan T Richtsmeier and Reuben H Kraft, 2014, "A multiscale computational model for the growth of the cranial vault in craniosynostosis", American Society of Mechanical Engineers Congress and Explosion, (IMECE2014-38728), pp. pp. V009T12A061; 6 pages
  • A R Makwana, A. R. Krishna, Hao Yuan, Reuben H Kraft, X Zhou, A J Przekwas and P Whitley, 2014, "Towards a micromechanical model of intervertebral disc degeneration under cyclic loading", American Society of Mechanical Engineers Congress and Explosion, (IMECE2014-39174), pp. pp. V003T03A012; 7 pages
  • R A Fielding, Reuben H Kraft, Timothy M Ryan and T D Stecko, 2014, "A micromechanics-based simulation of calcaneus fracture and fragmentation due to impact loading", 11th World Congress on Computational Mechanics (WCCM XI) 5th. European Conference on Computational Mechanics (ECCM V) 6th. European Conference on Computational Fluid Dynamics (ECFD VI)
  • J Zhang, A C Merkle, C M Carneal, R S Armiger, Reuben H Kraft, E E Ward, K A Ott, A C Wickwire, C J Dooley, T P Harrigan and J C Roberts, 2013, "Effects of torso-borne mass and loading severity on early response of the lumbar spine under high-rate vertical loading", International Research Council on Biomechanics of Injury
  • Reuben H Kraft, A M Dagro, P J McKee, S T Grafton, J Vettel, K McDowell, M Vindiola and A C Merkle, 2013, "Combining the finite element method with structural network-based analysis for modeling neurotrauma", 11th International Symposium, Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering, pp. 4
  • Reuben H Kraft, M L Lynch and E W Vogel, 2011, "Computational failure modeling of lower extremities", NATO Human Factors and Medicine Panel, RTO-MP-HFM-207AC/323(HFM-207), (TP/412)
  • M Scheidler, J Fitzpatrick and Reuben H Kraft, 2011, "Optimal pulse shapes for SHPB tests on soft materials", Society for Experimental Mechanics Series, Dynamic Behavior of Materials, 1, pp. 259-268
  • J. D. Clayton and Reuben H Kraft, 2011, "Mesoscale modeling of dynamic failure of ceramic polycrystals", Proceedings of the 35th International Conference on Advanced Ceramics and Composites
  • J M Vettel, D S Bassett, Reuben H Kraft and S T Grafton, 2010, "Physics-based models of brain structure connectivity informed by diffusion weighted imaging", 27th Army Science Conference
  • G A Gazonas, J W McCauley, Reuben H Kraft, B M Love, J D Clayton, D Casem, D Dandekar, B Rice, I Batyrev, N S Weingarten and B E Schuster, 2010, "Multiscale modeling of armor ceramics: Focus on AlON", 27th Army Science Conference
  • M Scheidler and Reuben H Kraft, 2010, "Inertial effects in compression Hopkinson bar tests on soft materials", U.S. Army Research Laboratory, 1st Annual ARL Ballistic Technology Workshop
  • Reuben H Kraft, I Batyrev, S Lee, A D Rollett and B Rice, 2010, "Multiscale modeling of armor ceramics", Journal of the American Ceramics Society Meeting Proceedings, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, USA, 31
  • A A Wereszczak and Reuben H Kraft, 2003, "Flexural and torsional resonances of ceramic tiles via impulse excitation of vibration", 27th Annual Conference on Advanced Ceramics and Composites: B: Ceramic Engineering and Science Proceedings, 24, (4), pp. 207-213
  • A A Wereszczak and Reuben H Kraft, 2002, "Instrumented Hertzian indentation of armor ceramics", 26th Annual Conference on Composites, Advanced Ceramics, Materials, and Structures: A: Ceramic Engineering and Science Proceedings, 23, (3), pp. 11
  • Reuben H Kraft and H T Garimella, , "Embedded finite elements for modeling traumatic axonal injury", American Society of Mechanical Engineers
  • A N Ranslow, Reuben H Kraft, Ryan Shannon, Patricia De Tomas-Medina, R Radovitsky, Aurelie Jean, Martin Pierre Hautefeuille, Brian Fagan, Kimberly A. Ziegler, Tusit Weerasooriya, Ann Mae Dileonardi, Allan Gunnarsson and Sikhanda Satapathy, , "Microstructural analysis of porcine skull bone subjected to impact loading", American Society of Mechanical Engineers Congress and Explosion, Volume 3: Biomedical and Biotechnology Engineering, pp. pp. V003T03A057; 10 pages
  • Shruti Motiwale, Vikram V Subramani, Xianlian Zhou and Reuben H Kraft, , "Damage Prediction for a Cervical Spine Intervertebral Disc", Proceedings of the 2016 American Society of Mechanical Engineers Congress and Explosion, Volume 3: Biomedical and Biotechnology Engineering, (IMECE2016-67711)

Abstracts

Technical Reports

  • A M Dagro, P J McKee, R H Kraft, T G Zhang and S S Satapathy, 2013, "A preliminary investigation of traumatically induced axonal injury in a three-dimensional (3-D) finite element model (FEM) of the human head during blast-loading"
  • J Vettel, A M Dagro, S Gordon, S Kerick, Reuben H Kraft, S Luo, S Rawal, M Vindiola and K McDowell, 2012, "Brain structure-function couplings (FY11)"
  • G A Gozonas, J W McCauley, I G Batyrev, D Casem, J D Clayton, D P Dandekar, R H Kraft, B M Love, B M Rice, B E Schuster and N S Weingarten, 2011, "Multiscale modeling of armor ceramics: Focus on AlON"
  • Reuben H Kraft and S L Wozniak, 2011, "A review of computational spinal injury biomechanics research and recommendations for future efforts"
  • J D Clayton and Reuben H Kraft, 2011, "Mesoscale modeling of dynamic failure of ceramic polycrystals"
  • Reuben H Kraft and A M Dagro, 2011, "Design and implementation of a numerical technique to inform anisotropic hyperelastic finite element models using diffusion-weighted imaging"
  • Jean M Vettel, Danielle Bassett, R H Kraft and Scott Grafton, 2010, "Physics-based models of brain structure connectivity informed by diffusion-weighted imaging"
  • J J Swab, A A Wereszczak, J Tice, R Caspe, R H Kraft and J Adams, 2005, "Mechanical and thermal properties of advanced ceramics for gun barrel applications"
  • A A Wereszczak, J J Swab and R H Kraft, 2005, "Effects of machining on the uniaxial and equibiaxial flexure strength of CAP3 AD-995 Al2O3"

Research Projects

  • February 2015 - August 2020, "Craniosynostosis Network: From Skull Shape to Cell Activity in Coronal Craniosynostosis," (Sponsor: National Institutes of Health).
  • January 2017 - December 2019, "Continuation: An Exploration of the Material Point Method (MPM) in CTH Applied to Soft Material Systems Subjected to Dynamic Loading," (Sponsor: DoE/Sandia National Laboratory).
  •  2017 -  2019, "Global-Local Modeling of Aircraft Occupant Safety Assessment during Ejection (Air Force Phase II SBIR)," (Sponsor: CFD Research Corporation).
  • September 2017 - December 2018, "Novel Ballistic Armor Concepts," (Sponsor: DoE/Los Alamos National Laboratories).
  • January 2017 - December 2018, "Embedded Finite Elements for a Multiscale, Multifunctional Approach for Modeling Axonal Bundles," (Sponsor: Army Research Laboratory).
  • August 2017 - August 2018, "Development of Commercial Tools for Brain Modeling," (Sponsor: CFD Research Corporation).
  • February 2015 - February 2017, "Phase II STTR: A Neck Injury Assessment Tool for Prolonged Wear of Head Supported Mass," (Sponsor: DoD/CFD Research Corporation).
  • February 2015 - February 2017, "Phase II STTR: Physics and Physiology Based Human Body Model of Blast Injury and Protection," (Sponsor: DoD/CFD Research Corporation).
  • January 2015 - January 2017, "An Exploration of the Material Point Method (MPM) in CTH Applied to Soft Material Systems Subjected to Dynamic Loading," (Sponsor: DoE/Sandia National Laboratory).
  • July 2014 - December 2016, "Microstructural Analysis of Porcine Skull Bone Subjected to Impact Loading," (Sponsor: Army Research Office; sub-contract from Massachusetts Institute of Technology).
  • October 2013 - March 2014, "Phase I STTR: A Neck Injury Assessment Tool for Prolonged Wear of Head Supported Mass," (Sponsor: DoD/CFD Research Corporation).
  • October 2013 - March 2014, "Phase I STTR: Physics and Physiology Based Human Body Model of Blast Injury and Protection," (Sponsor: DoD/CFD Research Corporation).

Honors and Awards

  • People's Choice Poster Award (presented by my student, I was senior author on poster), 2016 (Ernst) Mach Conference, April 2016
  • First Place Paper and Oral Presentation (presented by my graduate student, I was senior author on paper), 13th Annual Penn State College of Engineering Research Symposium (CERS),, April 2016
  • Shuman Early Career Professorship, Penn State University Department of Mechanical and Nuclear Engineering, 2013 - 2016
  • Presidential Early Career Awards for Scientists and Engineers (PECASE), The White House; Office of Science and Technology Policy, October 2011

Service

Service to Penn State:

  • , 2017

Service to External Organizations:

  • , Co-Organizer of "Multiscale Brain Mechanics: From Growth to Injury" Symposium at 18th U.S. National Congress for Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, 2017 - 2018
  • , Primary Organizer and Co-Chairperson of Damage Biomechanics Symposium at the 2016 ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition (IMECE), November 2015 - 2017
  • Head Soccer CoachAmerican Youth Soccer Organization, August 2014 - October 2016
 


 

About

The Department of Biomedical Engineering administers the undergraduate major in biomedical engineering, and is a part of the university-wide Intercollege Graduate Degree Program, offering both M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in Bioengineering. Our work combines traditional engineering principles with medicine and technology for the betterment of human health and society. 

Department of Biomedical Engineering

205 Hallowell Building

The Pennsylvania State University

University Park, PA 16802-4400

Phone: 814-863-6614